There has been horse racing of sorts for numerous many years. Horse racing began in Assyria in c. 1500 B.C. and Chariot Racing was a popular occasion in Roman Times. It remained in fact the Romans who are thought to have ran the first horse race in the UK, however the first actual tape-recorded occasion of a conference remained in 1174, this happened at a horse fair in the north-west part of London called Smithfield.
The Royal Family are behind a lot of the historical advancements that altered and formed racing for many years, with Henry II importing horses particularly for reproducing and Charles II being the very first to present a set of rules in 1664 (for the Newmarket Town Plate). It remained in 1752 the Jockey Club formed and penned The Guidelines of Racing.
Very first horse races
The Derby is the earliest flat race having started in 1780 at the Earl of Derby's estate in Epsom, it was worked on a sweepstakes basis and is still naturally being run every year now, as is the Grand National which was first run in 1856, nevertheless the first taped national hunt (as we understand it now) race remained in Cork, Ireland in 1752, it was a 4 miles 5 furlongs contest between 2 church steeples which is the reason the term 'steeplechase' was created.
Purpose and types of horse racing
The function of a H.race is to determine the fastest of 2 or more horses over a specific distance with the first horse to cross the winning line being the winner.
Horse Racing Classifications - Flat
In the UK and Ireland there are three variations of race classifications. The very first is Flat Racing, where horses run over a distance in between 5 furlongs and 2 miles 6 furlongs on turf. The flat season begins in March and runs through to November with differing quality of races with Group 1 contests being the greatest. The youngest horses completing on the flat are 2 years of ages.
Horse Racing Classifications - All Weather
All Weather condition Racing is the second race classification and is similar to flat racing aside from contests occur on a synthetic surface, which can be used throughout the year (hence the name All Weather condition). Many of the All Weather condition H.racing tracks likewise have floodlit tracks indicating they can offer night racing.
Horse Racing Classifications - National Hunt
The 3rd classification is National Hunt where horses complete on grass over longer distances ranging from 1 mile 6 furlongs (really minimal number of junior bumper races) and 4 miles 4 furlongs. Within National Hunt there are further classification types, these are Bumpers (likewise called National Hunt Flat races) where there are no obstacles and are focused on offering horses the experience of competing on a race track, Chases where the competitors must clear fences and Obstacles where they need to leap hurdles. This implies for example that you can have a handicap chase or a maiden obstacle etc. The distinction between a fence and an obstacle is rather substantial with a fence being tougher and greater. A difficulty race will just include difficulties whereas a chase can consist of a range of barriers consisting of water jumps and ditches in addition to fences.
Horse Racing Classification
Within each category of racing there are various kinds of contests depending on a horse's experience and ability. Typically races are categorised by an age group (for instance 4 year olds+) and/or an official ranking bracket (a rating offered to each horse by the handicapper based upon its efficiency to date). Maiden races are for horses who have not yet won a race. Handicaps are when a horse is weighted dependent on its previous ability - in a more information here perfect world, a handicap must lead to all horses crossing the goal at the same time. Nursery races are handicap races on the flat/all weather for 2 year old horses. Non handicaps are when all horses bring the same weight (although this figure can be changed based upon charges used as set out in the race terms - for example the guidelines may specify that horses will carry 9 stone but that an extra weight of 3 pounds will be applied to horses who have won in the last 6 weeks).